BibliaTodo Commentaries


Benson Joseph
1 Chronicles 16

1. They brought the ark of God and set it inside the tent that David had pitched for it, and they presented burnt offerings and fellowship offerings before God.

2. After David had finished sacrificing the burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD.

3. Then he gave a loaf of bread, a cake of dates and a cake of raisins to each Israelite man and woman.

4. He appointed some of the Levites to minister before the ark of the LORD, to extol, thank, and praise the LORD, the God of Israel:

5. Asaph was the chief, and next to him in rank were Zechariah, then Jaaziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, Obed-Edom and Jeiel. They were to play the lyres and harps, Asaph was to sound the cymbals,

6. and Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests were to blow the trumpets regularly before the ark of the covenant of God.

7. That day David first appointed Asaph and his associates to give praise to the LORD in this manner:

8. Give praise to the LORD, proclaim his name; make known among the nations what he has done.

9. Sing to him, sing praise to him; tell of all his wonderful acts.

10. Glory in his holy name; let the hearts of those who seek the LORD rejoice.

11. Look to the LORD and his strength; seek his face always.

12. Remember the wonders he has done, his miracles, and the judgments he pronounced,

13. you his servants, the descendants of Israel, his chosen ones, the children of Jacob.

14. He is the LORD our God; his judgments are in all the earth.

15. He remembers his covenant forever, the promise he made, for a thousand generations,

16. the covenant he made with Abraham, the oath he swore to Isaac.

17. He confirmed it to Jacob as a decree, to Israel as an everlasting covenant:

18. "To you I will give the land of Canaan as the portion you will inherit."

19. When they were but few in number, few indeed, and strangers in it,

20. they wandered from nation to nation, from one kingdom to another.

21. He allowed no one to oppress them; for their sake he rebuked kings:

22. "Do not touch my anointed ones; do my prophets no harm."

23. Sing to the LORD, all the earth; proclaim his salvation day after day.

24. Declare his glory among the nations, his marvelous deeds among all peoples.

25. For great is the LORD and most worthy of praise; he is to be feared above all gods.

26. For all the gods of the nations are idols, but the LORD made the heavens.

27. Splendor and majesty are before him; strength and joy are in his dwelling place.

28. Ascribe to the LORD, all you families of nations, ascribe to the LORD glory and strength.

29. Ascribe to the LORD the glory due his name; bring an offering and come before him. Worship the LORD in the splendor of his holiness.

30. Tremble before him, all the earth! The world is firmly established; it cannot be moved.

31. Let the heavens rejoice, let the earth be glad; let them say among the nations, "The LORD reigns!"

32. Let the sea resound, and all that is in it; let the fields be jubilant, and everything in them!

33. Let the trees of the forest sing, let them sing for joy before the LORD, for he comes to judge the earth.

34. Give thanks to the LORD, for he is good; his love endures forever.

35. Cry out, "Save us, God our Savior; gather us and deliver us from the nations, that we may give thanks to your holy name, and glory in your praise."

36. Praise be to the LORD, the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting. Then all the people said "Amen" and "Praise the LORD."

37. David left Asaph and his associates before the ark of the covenant of the LORD to minister there regularly, according to each day's requirements.

38. He also left Obed-Edom and his sixty-eight associates to minister with them. Obed-Edom son of Jeduthun, and also Hosah, were gatekeepers.

39. David left Zadok the priest and his fellow priests before the tabernacle of the LORD at the high place in Gibeon

40. to present burnt offerings to the LORD on the altar of burnt offering regularly, morning and evening, in accordance with everything written in the Law of the LORD, which he had given Israel.

41. With them were Heman and Jeduthun and the rest of those chosen and designated by name to give thanks to the LORD, "for his love endures forever."

42. Heman and Jeduthun were responsible for the sounding of the trumpets and cymbals and for the playing of the other instruments for sacred song. The sons of Jeduthun were stationed at the gate.

43. Then all the people left, each for their own home, and David returned home to bless his family.

1 Chronicles 16

1Ch 16:1-3. So they brought back the ark of God — For these three verses, see notes on 2Sa 6:17-19. A flagon of wine — A draught of wine. — Hiller and Waterland.

1Ch 16:4. To record, and to thank and praise the Lord, &c. — To rehearse and declare unto the people the wonderful works God had done for Israel, and to give him thanks for them, and to extol his almighty goodness and his glorious perfections. All our rejoicings should express themselves in thanksgivings to him from whom all our comforts are received.

1Ch 16:7. Then David delivered first this psalm, &c. — Or, as Houbigant renders it, On that same day David delivered this psalm, that Asaph and his brethren might praise the Lord by it — That is, on the day in which David appointed the Levites to sing before God, he gave them the song or hymn which follows. There is, however, nothing in the Hebrew for psalm. And the translation of the LXX. is perfectly accurate, save that they have rendered נתן, he gave, by εταξε, he appointed. It is, Then, in that day David appointed at first (εν αρχη, in the beginning) to praise the Lord, by the hand of Asaph and his brethren. The Hebrew expression, בראשׁ, barosh, at first, or in the beginning, seems to imply that David, after this, delivered many other psalms successively into their hands to be sung by them to the praise of God in his public service: see 2Sa 23:1; 2Ch 29:30. The reader will find some explanatory observations on the following verses, Psalms 96. and 105., in which they occur with little or no variation, all but the three last verses of the Psalm.

1Ch 16:35. Deliver us from the heathen — This might seem an improper and unseasonable prayer for David’s time, when the Israelites were not scattered among the heathen, but indeed it was not so: 1st, Because they had already been sadly divided by a civil war among themselves; and though they were now externally and visibly united under David, yet he might justly think that there were some who yet retained in their hearts their old leaven, their hatred of him, and their affection to Saul, which might hereafter break forth when occasion was offered, as it did, 2Sa 16:8; and therefore he justly prays that they might be gathered and united together in hearty love, as well as in outward show; and, 2d, Because this psalm or prayer was made by David for the use of the church, not only in that present time, but in future ages, in which David foresaw, by the spirit of prophecy, the Israelites would forsake God, and for their apostacy be dispersed among the heathen. In the midst of our praises, we must not forget to pray for those servants of God that are in distress. When we are rejoicing in God’s favours, we should remember our afflicted brethren, and pray for their deliverance as our own. We are members one of another.

1Ch 16:37. He left there before the ark — Asaph and his brethren — He appointed them their work and station there. Indeed, no incense was burned there, nor sacrifices offered, because the altars were not there; but David’s prayers were directed as incense, and the lifting up of his hands as an evening sacrifice. So early did spiritual worship take the place of ceremonial.

1Ch 16:39. Zadok the priest — Not the high-priest, but the second, and the chief priest at Gibeon, where the tabernacle and altar made by Moses still were, where also the ordinary sacrifices were offered, and the stated worship of God was performed, as the extraordinary worship was before the ark upon great occasions, as when God was consulted, which was to be done before the ark, and by the high-priest, who now was Abiathar, and who therefore abode with the ark, when Zadok was left at Gibeon.

1Ch 16:40. Which he commanded Israel — These must be kept up, because, however in their own nature they were inferior to prayer and praise, yet, as they were types of the mediation of Christ, the observance of them was of mighty importance.

1Ch 16:42. With musical instruments of God — Appropriated to the worship of God; not such as they used on other occasions. Between common mirth and holy joy, there is a vast difference; and the limits and distances between them must be carefully kept up.

New International Version (NIV)

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