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Trapp John - Complete OT NT
Ezekiel 1

1. Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I was among the captives by the river of Chebar, that the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.

2. In the fifth day of the month, which was the fifth year of king Jehoiachin's captivity,

3. The word of the LORD came expressly unto Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and the hand of the LORD was there upon him.

4. And I looked, and, behold, a whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud, and a fire infolding itself, and a brightness was about it, and out of the midst thereof as the colour of amber, out of the midst of the fire.

5. Also out of the midst thereof came the likeness of four living creatures. And this was their appearance; they had the likeness of a man.

6. And every one had four faces, and every one had four wings.

7. And their feet were straight feet; and the sole of their feet was like the sole of a calf's foot: and they sparkled like the colour of burnished brass.

8. And they had the hands of a man under their wings on their four sides; and they four had their faces and their wings.

9. Their wings were joined one to another; they turned not when they went; they went every one straight forward.

10. As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle.

11. Thus were their faces: and their wings were stretched upward; two wings of every one were joined one to another, and two covered their bodies.

12. And they went every one straight forward: whither the spirit was to go, they went; and they turned not when they went.

13. As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like burning coals of fire, and like the appearance of lamps: it went up and down among the living creatures; and the fire was bright, and out of the fire went forth lightning.

14. And the living creatures ran and returned as the appearance of a flash of lightning.

15. Now as I beheld the living creatures, behold one wheel upon the earth by the living creatures, with his four faces.

16. The appearance of the wheels and their work was like unto the colour of a beryl: and they four had one likeness: and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel in the middle of a wheel.

17. When they went, they went upon their four sides: and they turned not when they went.

18. As for their rings, they were so high that they were dreadful; and their rings were full of eyes round about them four.

19. And when the living creatures went, the wheels went by them: and when the living creatures were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up.

20. Whithersoever the spirit was to go, they went, thither was their spirit to go; and the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.

21. When those went, these went; and when those stood, these stood; and when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.

22. And the likeness of the firmament upon the heads of the living creature was as the colour of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above.

23. And under the firmament were their wings straight, the one toward the other: every one had two, which covered on this side, and every one had two, which covered on that side, their bodies.

24. And when they went, I heard the noise of their wings, like the noise of great waters, as the voice of the Almighty, the voice of speech, as the noise of an host: when they stood, they let down their wings.

25. And there was a voice from the firmament that was over their heads, when they stood, and had let down their wings.

26. And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it.

27. And I saw as the colour of amber, as the appearance of fire round about within it, from the appearance of his loins even upward, and from the appearance of his loins even downward, I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and it had brightness round about.

28. As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness round about. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw it, I fell upon my face, and I heard a voice of one that spake.

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Ezekiel 1

Eze 1:1 Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth [month], in the fifth [day] of the month, as I [was] among the captives by the river of Chebar, [that] the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God. The Book of the prophet Ezekiel.] The book of Ezekiel, so the Hebrews call it, and forbid any to read the beginning and ending of it till he be thirty years of age, because it is so abstruse and mysterious. Nazianzen {a} calleth this prophet, the beholder of great things, and the interpreter of visions and mysteries. Another {b} calleth him the hieroglyphic prophet. A third, Jeremiah veiled, a band shut up, and you know not what is in it, &c. {c} Contemporary he was to Jeremiah, though in another country, and a great confirmer of what he had foretold, but could not be credited. To him, therefore, as to many others, Ezekiel became, according to the import of his name, "The strength of God," who mightily enabled him, as Lavater well notes, with a stout and undaunted spirit, to reprove both people and princes, and to threaten them more terribly and vehemently than Jeremiah had done before him. But, in the substance of their prophecies, there is no small conformity. Ferunt Ezechielem servum Ieremiae prius extitisse, saith Nazianzen. {d} Some have affirmed that Ezekiel had sometimes been Jeremiah’s servant, as was afterwards Baruch. Ver. 1. Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year,] scil., Since the book of the law was found, and that famous passover kept in King Josiah’s days, {2Ki 22:1-20; 2Ki 23:1-30} since the eighteenth year of his reign. {2Ki 23:23} So elsewhere, they began their account from some memorable mercy or remarkable accident; as from the promise made to Abraham, the birth of Isaac, the departure out of Egypt, the division of the kingdom into that of Israel and the other of Judah, &c. In the fifth day of the month.] Which was the Sabbath day say some, Compare Eze 3:16. Then was this holy prophet in the Spirit, as was afterwards also John the divine upon the Christian Sabbath. {Rev 1:10} As I was among the captives.] In Chaldea. That rule of the Rabbis, therefore, holdeth not - viz., that the Holy Ghost never spake to the prophets but only in the Holy Land. By the river of the Chebar.] Which was rivus vel ramentum Euphratis, a part or channel of Euphrates. There sat the poor captives, {Psa 137:1} and there this prophet received this vision here, and his vocation in the next chapter. It is observed, that by the sides of rivers various prophets had visions of God; by a river side it was that Paul and his company met to preach and pray. {Act 16:13} And of Archbishop Ussher, {e} that most reverend man of God, it is recorded, that to a certain place by a water side he frequently resorted, when as yet he was but very young, sorrowfully to recount his sins, and with floods of tears to pour them out in confession to God. That the heavens were opened.] Not by a division of the firmament, saith Jerome, but by the faith of the believer. The like befell Stephen the proto martyr, when the stones were buzzing about his ears; {Act 7:55-60} and, if we may believe the monkish writers, Wulsin, Bishop of Salisbury, when he lay dying. {f} And I saw visions of God,] i.e., Offered by God, or excellent visions. Ut montes Dei, cedri Dei, civitas Dei. Ezekiel was not only a priest and a prophet, but a seer also. Abraham was the like. {Joh 8:56 Gen 20:7} This was no small honour. {a} In Apolog. {b} A Lapide. {c} Ezechiel scripturarum et Oceanus, et mysteriorum Dei labyrinthus. - Jerome. Many, both writers and readers, have passed over this prophet as dark, difficult, and less useful. - Greenhill, Praef. {d} Orat. 47. {e} His life and death by Dr Bernard. {f} Speed, 335.


Eze 1:2 In the fifth [day] of the month, which [was] the fifth year of king Jehoiachin’s captivity, Ver. 2. In the fifth day.] The Sabbath day, likely, that queen of days, as the Jews call it. See on Eze 1:1. Which was the fifth year of Jehoiakim’s captivity.] With whom Ezekiel and other precious persons, called by Jeremiah good figs, were carried captive. {Eze 40:1}


Eze 1:3 The word of the LORD came expressly unto Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and the hand of the LORD was there upon him. Ver. 3. The word of the Lord came expressly.] Heb., By being hath been, or hath altogether been - Existendo extitit. Accurate factum est it really wrought upon me and made me a prophet. Unto Ezekiel the priest.] Whom, therefore, some have called Urim and Thummim in Babylon. The son of Buzi.] That this Buzi was Jeremiah, so called because despised for his plain dealing, as some Rabbis have affirmed, is as true as that Ezekiel himself was the same with Pythagoras the philosopher; which yet some ancients have fondly fancied. In the land of the Chaldeans] Though a polluted land, {Mic 2:10} and the dwelling place of wickedness, {Zec 5:8; Zec 5:11} the mother of harlots, and abominations of the earth. {Rev 17:5} By the river Chebar.] The Rabbis {a} call it the Sabbath river; and, further, tell us that it runneth not, but resteth on the Sabbath day. “ Credat Iudaeus Apella: Non ego. ” - Hor. And the hand of the Lord was there upon him.] Not only came God’s Word expressly to him, but the power and Spirit of God came mightily upon him; so that he felt the intrinsic virtue of this hand, as one phraseth it, the Spirit of God in his own heart; it was a quick and lively word unto him, and to as many as believed. {a} Sabbatian.


Eze 1:4 And I looked, and, behold, a whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud, and a fire infolding itself, and a brightness [was] about it, and out of the midst thereof as the colour of amber, out of the midst of the fire. Ver. 4. And I looked, and, behold.] In this ensuing mysterious vision of a whirlwind, four cherubims, four wheels, a throne upon the firmament, formidabilis Dei forma proponitur, is set forth "the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord," as it is expounded, Eze 1:28, that hereby the people’s arrogance might be the better subdued, the prophet’s doctrine more reverently received, and the prophet confirmed in his calling. The sum of this celestial vision is, that the divine providence doth rule in the world, and is exercised in all parts thereof, and not only in heaven, or in the temple, or in Jewry, as the Jews then thought. As for the changes in the world, which are here compared to wheels, they befall not at all adventures, or by haphazard, but are effected by God, though all things may seem to run upon wheels, and to happen as it fortuneth. At the day of judgment, at utmost, men shall see a harmony in this discord of things, and providence shall then be unriddled. Meanwhile, God often wrappeth himself in a cloud, and will not be seen till afterwards. All God’s dealings be sure will appear beautiful in their season, though for the present we see not the contiguity and linking together of one thing with another. A whirlwind came out of the north,] i.e., Nebuchadnezzar with his forces. See Jer 1:13-15, Fitly compared to a whirlwind for suddenness, swiftness, irresistibleness. A Lapide telleth of whirlwinds in Italy which have taken away stabula cum equis, stables with horses; carried them up into the air, and dashed them against the mountains, {see Hab 1:6-7; Hab 1:9-10} and consider that those Chaldeans were of God’s sending. A great cloud.] Nebuchadnezzar’s army, {Jer 4:13} that peditum equitumque nubes {a} {2Ki 25:1 Eze 39:9} that stormed Jerusalem. And a fire infolding itself.] Heb., That receiveth itself within itself, as in a house on fire. Understand it of Nebuchadnezzar’s wrath against Jerusalem, much hotter than that furnace of his seven times more than ordinarily heated, {Dan 3:19} or rather of God’s wrath in using Nebuchadnezzar to set all on a light fire. And a brightness was about it.] The glory of divine presence, shining in the punishment of evildoers. Out of the midst thereof as of the colonr of amber.] Not of an angel called Hasmal, as Lyra, after some Rabbis, will have it. Jarchi confesseth he knoweth not what the word Hasmal meaneth. This prophet only hath it here, and Eze 1:27; Eze 8:2, as Daniel also hath some words proper to himself. {a} Liv.


Eze 1:5 Also out of the midst thereof [came] the likeness of four living creatures. And this [was] their appearance; they had the likeness of a man. Ver. 5. Also out of the midst thereof,] i.e., From God’s glorious presence. Came the likeness of four living creatures,] i.e., Angels; {Eze 10:8; Eze 10:14-15; Eze 10:20} Intelligentias animales, Cicero {a} calleth them. See like visions, Dan 7:9 Rev 4:6-7. These are said to be four, because God by his angels diffuseth his power through the four quarters of the world. They had the likeness of a man,] sc., For the greater part, they had more of a man than of any other creature, as hands, legs, &c. {Eze 1:7-8} {a} Quest. Acad., lib. iv.


Eze 1:6 And every one had four faces, and every one had four wings. Ver. 6. And every one had four faces.] To set forth, saith an expositor, that the power of angels is exercised about all creatures. It is as if the angels did bear on them the heads of all living creatures - i.e., did comprehend in themselves all the elements and all the parts of the world; not as if they did move or act by their own power, but as they are God’s hands and agents, employed by him at pleasure, for the good of his Church especially, {Heb 1:14} as being fit and ready to every good work. So should we strive to be. {Tit 3:1} And every one had four wings.] To set forth their agility, their incredible swiftness, far beyond that of the sun, which yet, if Bellarmine {a} reckoneth right, runneth, in the eighth part of an hour, seven thousand miles; others say many more. {a} De Ascens. ment. in Deum, grad. 7.


Eze 1:7 And their feet [were] straight feet; and the sole of their feet [was] like the sole of a calf’s foot: and they sparkled like the colour of burnished brass. Ver. 7. And their feet were straight feet.] Importing their right progress in executing God’s will. We must also "make straight or even paths for our feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way." {Heb 12:13} See Eze 1:9. And the sole of their feet was like the sole of a calf’s foot] Round, and therefore easily turned. Hoc ad agilitatem et varietatem cursus spectat. The angels, because they see every way, so they are apt to go every way, and this with the greatest facility that can be. And they sparkled.] So swiftly they went, that their feet seemed to sparkle or strike fire. Like the colour of burnished brass.] Burnished, not blemished; polished, not polluted.


Eze 1:8 And [they had] the hands of a man under their wings on their four sides; and they four had their faces and their wings. Ver. 8. And they had the hands of a man under their wings.] Faces, wings, hands, all to express, saith one, the sufficiency of God’s providence for all means of help. A little of the angels, saith another, is set forth by these faces, wings, hands, feet, but the distinct knowledge of angels, as angels, is reserved till we are like the angels in heaven. Great angels they are, but act invisibly for the most part; their hands are under their wings.


Eze 1:9 Their wings [were] joined one to another; they turned not when they went; they went every one straight forward. Ver. 9. Their wings were joined one to another.] To show the unity of angels, the uniformity also of their motions in God’s service; there is a suitability and agreeability between them. They turned not when they went,] sc., Till they had effected that which they went for; and then they did. {as Eze 1:14} They went every one straight forward.] The angels, in the execution of their office, kept a straight course, without deviating or detracting, without cessation or cespitation. Our eyes should also "look right on," {Pro 4:25} and we should make "straight steps for our feet." {Heb 12:13} This is angel-like. St Paul, that earthly angel, did so. {Php 3:13-14}


Eze 1:10 As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle. Ver. 10. They four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion.] Hereby is set forth the wisdom, strength, serviceability, and perspicaciousness of the holy angels for the Church’s good, all things requisite to great undertakings; neither forbear they to serve us, though we have the scent of the earth and hell about, us. Quantumnis eos, proh dolor, foetore peccatorum non raro laedamus, Deumque offendamus, {a} Though, by the stench of our sins, we do frequently annoy them, and offend God. And they four had the face of an ox.] Angels are obsequious, painful, patient, useful. The ox is of those beasts that are ad esum et ad usum; to consume food and to be useful, and is truly called Iumentum a iuvando, the beast of burden from help. They four also had the face of an eagle.] Angels are sharp sighted, {2Sa 14:20} vigorous and vivacious, swift beyond belief, {Dan 9:21} and if they be once upon the wing, there is no escaping for any wicked people or person. {a} Polan. - Would any great prince attend a lowly man full of sores and vermin?


Eze 1:11 Thus [were] their faces: and their wings [were] stretched upward; two [wings] of every one [were] joined one to another, and two covered their bodies. Ver. 11. And their wings were stretched upward.] Faces and wings are both turned toward God, at whose beck and obedience the holy angels wholly are; {Psa 103:20} or hereby may be imported the swiftness, sublimeness, and equality of their service. Two wings of every one.] See on Eze 1:9. And two covered their bodies.] See on Isa 6:2.


Eze 1:12 And they went every one straight forward: whither the spirit was to go, they went; [and] they turned not when they went. Ver. 12. And they went every one straight forward.] See on Eze 1:9. Whither the Spirit was to go, they went.] That is, the Spirit of God, by whose direction and conduct the angels do all things; he is the great agent that setteth angels to work. Let us also be "led by the Spirit of God," so shall we approve ourselves "sons of God." {Rom 8:14}


Eze 1:13 As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance [was] like burning coals of fire, [and] like the appearance of lamps: it went up and down among the living creatures; and the fire was bright, and out of the fire went forth lightning. Ver. 13. Their appearance was like burning coals of fire.] Angels are actuosi et efficaces ut ignis, of a fiery nature, and of a fiery operation, as is also the Holy Spirit, {Isa 4:4 Mat 3:11 Act 2:3} whereby they are actuated. Angels are all on a light fire, as it were, with zeal for God and indignation against sin; let us be similarly affected. Paul was a heavenly spark; John Baptist, "a burning and shining light." Chrysostom saith that Peter was a man made all of fire, walking among stubble; Basil was a pillar of fire; Latimer cried out, Deest ignis. In Bucholcere vivida omnia fuerunt, &c. {a} It went up and down among the living creatures.] The fire and flame did. Heb., It made itself to walk of its own accord and pleasure. And the fire was bright.] Let us also labour to kindle and keep quick the fire of zeal upon the hearth of our hearts, without all smoke or smudge of sin. And out of the fire went out lightnings.] "The Lord is known by the judgment which he executeth"; his noble works done by those instruments of his, the holy angels, are quickly noted and noticed, as in Sennacherib’s army. {a} Melch. Adam.


Eze 1:14 And the living creatures ran and returned as the appearance of a flash of lightning. Ver. 14. And the living creatures ran and returned.] As soon as ever their work was done, they came back to him who sent them out to know his further pleasure, and to do him more service. When the angel had lessoned the good women about our Saviour’s resurrection, he biddeth them "go quickly and tell his disciples," &c., and then dismisseth them, with "Lo, I have told you," {Mat 28:6-7} q.d., Begone now about your business, you have your full errand; why linger ye? pack away. As the appearance of a flash of lightning.] Which appeareth aud disappeareth in an instant.


Eze 1:15 Now as I beheld the living creatures, behold one wheel upon the earth by the living creatures, with his four faces. Ver. 15. Behold one wheel upon the earth.] Things here below are exceedingly mutable, and therefore compared to wheels, because they may seem to run on wheels, and to have no certain course, but to be turned upside down eftsoons; such is the various, promiscuous administration of them, to many men’s thinking. To set us right herein, here we have the vision of the four wheels; for each of the four living wights had a wheel by him, {Eze 1:16; Eze 10:9} to show that God governeth all the four quarters of the world by the ministry of his angels. This the poets hammered at, but hit not on, in their foolish fable of Fortune’s wheel. St James speaketh of the wheel (τροχος) of nature; {Jam 3:6} and, indeed, this world is of a wheeling nature, movable and mutable. But God, who moves this wheel, who ruleth the world, is unchangeable and eternal, {Jam 1:17} and his providence and the ministry of his angels sets all the wheels in the world in motion.


Eze 1:16 The appearance of the wheels and their work [was] like unto the colour of a beryl: and they four had one likeness: and their appearance and their work [was] as it were a wheel in the middle of a wheel. Ver. 16. The appearance of the wheels … was like unto the colour of a beryl.] Heb., As the eye or colour of Tarshish - i.e., the sea, or beryl, which is of a sea colour, even sea-green; whereby is represented the flux and fluctuating constitution of things here below. And they four had one likeness.] There is the same instability of things in one place as in another, and the same overruling providence. Their appearance and their work were as it were a wheel in the midst of a wheel.] God hath a wheel, providence, in all the wheeling businesses of the world. These are so one within another, as that all their motion dependeth on the angels, whom he also moderateth and ordereth at his own pleasure. Whensoever, therefore, we see such things come to pass that we can see no reason for - as the Churches overthrown, the wicked exalted, &c. - consider that one wheel is within another, and the wings of the angels are one within another. {a} {a} Dr Preston.


Eze 1:17 When they went, they went upon their four sides: [and] they turned not when they went. Ver. 17. When they went, they went upon their four sides.] Or, According to their four sides - i.e., through the four parts of the world, as they were moved by the four living creatures. And they returned not when they went.] But kept on straight forward, without stopping or stepping back. A figure of the constant and consonant harmony which is in all the works of God’s providence toward the world, but especially toward his Church. {a} {a} Diod.


Eze 1:18 As for their rings, they were so high that they were dreadful; and their rings [were] full of eyes round about them four. Ver. 18. As for their rings they were so high.] Apsides earum tam amplae seu altae ut propterea formidabiles. The rings or strokes, Heb., backs, of these wheels were so broad and high that they struck terror into the beholders. It is hard to take the altitude of second causes. Well might one write a book of the vanity of sciences, and another a tractate Quod nihil scitur. I would see the proudest of you all define the nature of a straw, as one preached in Cambridge to all the scholars; so of a flower, of a fly, &c. Well might David say, "Thy judgments, Lord, are a great deep," {Psa 36:6} such as hath neither bank nor bottom. Well might Paul cry out, "Oh the depth! how unsearchable are his ways." {Rom 11:23} And the rings were full of eyes.] Instead of cart nails. Understand hereby God’s all-seeing providence, which never erreth, but always ordereth the world’s disorders to his own glory. Round about them four.] The Divine providence is like a well drawn picture, which eyeth all that are in the room. See 2Ch 16:9 Psa 34:15 Zec 4:10 Job 34:21; Job 36:7 Jer 16:17; Jer 32:17.


Eze 1:19 And when the living creatures went, the wheels went by them: and when the living creatures were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up. Ver. 19. And when the living creatures went, the wheels went by them.] The angels are God’s hands, as it were, whereby are acted and agitated this lower world and the second causes therein. The wheels were lift up.] The spirits of the creatures were heightened and elevated to some unwonted and more than ordinary service, by some special instinct. We use to say, Magnarum rerum tarda molimina; When there are many wheels, some will be always out. But it is otherwise here; and that of Ambrose is verified, Nescit tarda molimina Spiritus Sancti gratia; God can soon effect great things by his powerful grace.


Eze 1:20 Whithersoever the spirit was to go, they went, thither [was their] spirit to go; and the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature [was] in the wheels. Ver. 20. Whithersoever the spirit was to go.] See Eze 1:12; and take notice that whatever the instrument is, or means of this or that occurrence, God is the main agent. It is Christ who by his Spirit, Spiritus vitalis, worketh all in all in his Church. {1Co 12:16 Eph 1:11 Col 3:21} There falleth not a hair from a man’s head, nay, not a bristle from a sow’s back, saith Tertullian, without God. For the spirit of the living creatures.] Or, Of life. The Divine inspiration was the procreant cause of the wheels’ motion. This is here called haruach, that spirit by an excellence: est Deus in nobis. The spirit is in the wheels, as an invisible but irresistible agent. "The heart of the king is in the hand of the Lord, he turneth it whithersoever he will." {Pro 21:1}


Eze 1:21 When those went, [these] went; and when those stood, [these] stood; and when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature [was] in the wheels. Ver. 21. When those went, these went; and when those stood, these stood.] This is but the same again as before, but more fully and plainly. See the similar passage in Joh 1:2.


Eze 1:22 And the likeness of the firmament upon the heads of the living creature [was] as the colour of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above. Ver. 22. And the likeness of the firmament.] The glory of God in Christ is revealed to the prophet in this ensuing vision, even that great "mystery of godliness, God manifested in the flesh," {1Ti 3:16} whereof this was a kind of prelude. To like purpose also was that vision. {Isa 6:1-13; Joh 12:39-41} Upon the heads of the living creature.] Between them and the Lord Christ as a screen, and supplied likely the office of that other pair of wings. {Isa 6:2 Exo 24:10} Was as the colour of the terrible crystal.] Heb., Of the formidable frost, that is, of the most vehement frost, a periphrasis of crystal. {a} All things above are dreadfully glorious, as all things below are pellucid, pervious, and clear to God’s eye, like a diaphanous body. {Heb 4:13} Mountains of brass are as transparent to him as the clearest crystal. The firmament is so clear that Christ seeth through it. It is "a molten looking glass"; {Job 37:18} and those atheists are utterly out who ask, "How doth God know? can he judge through the dark clouds" {Job 22:13} {a} Vide Plin., lib. xxxvii, cap. 2. Chrysiallus est gelu concretum.


Eze 1:23 And under the firmament [were] their wings straight, the one toward the other: every one had two, which covered on this side, and every one had two, which covered on that side, their bodies. Ver. 23. Were their wings straight,] sc., When they flew; for at other times they covered their bodies with them, {Eze 1:11} in reverence to Christ their Creator and Lord. The one toward the other.] They serve the Lord Christ with one shoulder or consent; they do all mind the same thing.


Eze 1:24 And when they went, I heard the noise of their wings, like the noise of great waters, as the voice of the Almighty, the voice of speech, as the noise of an host: when they stood, they let down their wings. Ver. 24. And when they went, I heard the noise of their wings.] A very great noise, as is here set forth by a threefold similitude - Congeries similium faciens ad amplificationem. Like the noise of great waters.] Which fall with a horrible fragor, as with the catadupes, for instance. See Psa 46:3. As the noise of the Almighty,] i.e., As thunder. {Psa 29:4; Psa 18:13} The voice of speech.] When a man crieth aloud, lifteth up his voice like a trumpet, sic clamans ut stentora vincat. As the noise of an host] Barritus ille milltarls, besides the roaring of cannons, rattling of wheels, beating of drums, &c. This none hear but the spiritual man, who "discerneth all things," {1Co 2:15} and hath his senses habitually exercised to discern good and evil. {Heb 5:14} They let down their wings.] As expecting a new commission.


Eze 1:25 And there was a voice from the firmament that [was] over their heads, when they stood, [and] had let down their wings. Ver. 25. And there was a voice from the firmament,] i.e., From above the firmament, even from Christ on the throne. When they stood.] When all was hushed. So Rev 8:1, there was half-an-hour’s silence in heaven, that is, in the Church on earth, when the seventh seal was opened. Sedate and silent spirits are fittest to hear Christ’s voice. {Job 4:16}


Eze 1:26 And above the firmament that [was] over their heads [was] the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne [was] the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it. Ver. 26. And above the firmament.] See on Eze 1:22. Was the likeness of a throne.] Far beyond that of Solomon. {1Ki 10:18-19} That was of ivory, but this of sapphire; that had a rich canopy over it, but this the azured sky under it; {see Exo 24:10} all to set forth Christ’s kingly dignity and surpassing majesty. And upon the likeness.] All was but likeness and appearance, because all was visional here. As the appearance of a man.] This was the man Christ Jesus, and this is the last and best part of the vision - viz., Christ set by his Father in super celestial places, far above all principality and power, &c. {Eph 1:20-21} One of Augustine’s wishes was to have seen Christ on earth. Bede comes after, and wisheth rather to have seen Christ in his glory, and on his heavenly throne.


Eze 1:27 And I saw as the colour of amber, as the appearance of fire round about within it, from the appearance of his loins even upward, and from the appearance of his loins even downward, I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and it had brightness round about. Ver. 27. And I saw as the colour of amber.] See Eze 1:4. Heb., Chashmal, which being read backward, as the Cabbalists observe, is Lammashach, or Lammashiach - i.e., Messiah. As the appearance of fire.] Christ is very terrible in his executions; and even "our God" (as well as the Jews’ God) "is a consuming fire." {Heb 12:29 Exo 13:21} From the appearance of his loins even upward.] This may well be understood of Christ’s divinity, as the parts downward of his humanity, partaking of the same most resplendent glory, by virtue of the hypostatical union, and having partner agency with the Godhead, according to its measure, in the works of redemption and mediation.


Eze 1:28 As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so [was] the appearance of the brightness round about. This [was] the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw [it], I fell upon my face, and I heard a voice of one that spake. Ver. 28. As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud.] Here, as in the salt sea, or as in a pot of honey, the deeper the sweeter. The rainbow was set for a sign of the covenant of mercy to mankind {Gen 9:12 Isa 54:12 Rev 10:1} {See Trapp on "Rev 10:1"} This was the appearance, &c.] For no more of God can be seen by any mortal creature. {Exo 33:20} This and other prophets saw the chariot, but not the rider in it, as the Rabbis say. I fell upon my face.] {a} As astonished, and as adoring the divine Majesty. And I heard a voice.] This the Vulgate prefixeth before the next chapter. {a} Quasi facies suos submittens.



King James Version

This is the 1769 King James Version of the Holy Bible (also known as the Authorized Version). "Public Domain"




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