History tells us that in ancient days, human relations were based on barbarism. If someone practices a crime against another person could be punished drastically. For example, if someone stole the money from another, he could have his head cut in revenge.
Therefore, strange as it may seem, at that historical moment, the law of the ‘Eye for an eye’… was represented significantly.
But it happens that with Jesus, in all this retributive logic is subverted, when he says in the sermon of the mountain, in the teaching of loving our enemies in the book of Matthew 5:43-48
“You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ But I tell you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, that you may be children of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. If you love those who love you, what reward will you get? Are not even the tax collectors doing that? And if you greet only your own people, what are you doing more than others? Do not even pagans do that? Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect”.
For many, this commandment sounds radical and unattainable… How could we be beaten and even then put the other cheek?
I believe that the greatest difficulty in understanding these biblical texts occurs in large part because we tend to think of aggression only from the point of physics and practiced by enemy violence. However, here a new reflection…
De ahí la importancia en hacer el bien sin esperar lo mismo en el otro, que a menudo no actúan de la misma manera. Esto es parte de nuestra madurez como cristianos.
We live, unfortunately, in a very individualistic world, where people often only approach, if you can offer them something in return, bring some kind of benefit in return.
And at this point, it is that the message of Jesus should touch the bottom of our hearts, because if it is not present, our natural tendency will lead us to seek our own righteousness.
Hence the importance in doing good without expecting the same thing in the other, which often do not act in the same way. This is part of our maturity as Christians.