CORONAVIRUS: What is the difference between pandemic, epidemic, and endemic disease?

The virus “Coronavirus” has caused all the alarms in the world to be activated due to its rapid spread. That’s why people are getting concerned scared for the high rate of contagion it has.

It is estimated that more than 126,000 people have contracted Covid-19 and more than 4,500 have died from it.

What started just as a simple case of respiratory infection, ended up infecting hundreds of thousands of people; exceeding the number affected by SARS.

Given the movement that the disease has had, the main health agency that closely monitors the development and spread of Covid-19 has recently described it as a “pandemic“.

Currently, some people are unaware of the differences between an epidemic, a pandemic, and an endemic disease. Here, you have the answer.

Endemic disease

This term refers to those viruses or diseases of usual prevalence over time within a geographic area.

A clear example of this is that of chickenpox in Spain. But in countries with a lack of resources to contain or combat the disease, these diseases can cause thousands of deaths and spread in the surrounding areas; just as malaria in some regions of Africa.


An epidemic is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time. The most common example is the flu.


The term pandemic is the most serious classification for a disease. This implies a drastic increase in cases of virus contagion worldwide over a certain period of time.

The WHO (World Health Organization) is the entity in charge of deciding when an epidemic becomes a pandemic.

The most recent cases of diseases that have been described in this way are bird flu and swine flu.

There are no series of criteria that are taken into account to decide the change from epidemic to pandemic; What WHO does is rely on national assessments in each country and then convene an emergency expert committee.

This committee values ​​all the information collected and estimates the need to declare or not a global epidemic.

Take care of your mental health

Certainly, this recently declared pandemic virus has unleashed anguish and concern among the world population.

Given these events, it is necessary to remain calm. The Bible gives us a different perspective on what people should do:

Pray without ceasing (1 Thessalonians 5:17)

There is a need at this time to pray for various reasons, many of them are focused on asking God for the protection of the family, praying for those affected by the coronavirus and even thanking for the health that the person has.

Trusting God (Jeremiah 17: 7)

Keeping your trust in God can help a person believe that all will be well and that it is Jehovah who takes care for him or her.


Staying calm and not alarming yourself more than you should is essential for people right now. It is also important to share the peace of God to those who need it the most. they might be waiting for a word from God.

Leave your comments