A phenomenon called “The Gate of Hell” is growing more and more in Western Siberia, setting off alarms among experts.
The reasons for the accelerated growth of this crater were explained to the Russian newspaper Vechérnyaya Moskvá, which argues that it is their behaviour that acts in such a way in contact with the environment.
Located in the Cherski Mountains of Eastern Siberia, this structure grows at least 30 meters per year, ranging from 800 meters wide to 100 meters deep.
Vladimir Sivorotkin, a researcher at the Faculty of Geology of Moscow State University, explained that the terrain suffers this deformation due to the thawing of its upper layers, a phenomenon known as “Termokarst”.
The “permafrost”, which includes “a tender formation” in the territory, suffers high temperatures of 30 degrees as deforestation, which deepens the situation that the place lives.
The shape it has, similar to a crater or “ravine”, causes constant slides as well as growing in size, specialist Sivorotkin says that “if its walls are not strengthened, the evolution of this will continue unchecked”.
A contributing factor to this structure is the global warming in the Arctic, understood as the degasification of the ocean from its depth, causing abnormal “heat spots” to appear in the area causing more thermokarst formations.
Its origin comes from the 60s, where in the same land a part of a forest was cut down and 25 years later began the sinking that has not stopped since then, the change of temperature contributes to this process.